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The need for software engineers during the AI era

The advent of artificial intelligence (AI) is intriguing yet shaking. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers, part of the United States Department of Energy, have shown that AI can displace software professionals by 2040.

The research predicts that by 2040, “machines, instead of humans, will write most of their code”. Advancements in machine learning, artificial intelligence, natural language processing and code generation technologies will bring about this shift.

How to be a successful software engineer?

This may be worrisome for students wishing to become a software engineer. It also begs the question, will AI replace software engineers? It’s reasonable that programmers and software engineers express concern over this shift. However, there’s nothing to fear. While AI offers a more streamlined way of doing work, it can’t override the need for human input. Of course, professionals must also enhance their skillset to complement AI’s versatility. Reputable universities, like Baylor University, understand this and offer a 100% online Master’s in Computer Science program with a software engineering track. This equips software engineers with the skills they need, such as advanced communications and software verification, to thrive and create solutions even in an environment in which artificial intelligence is used.

What does AI currently do in the software development industry?

Artificial intelligence has brought about several advancements in recent years. A software development-focused market research business based in California, Evans Data Corporation, polled 550 software professionals and found that roughly 30% think AI will eventually replace them. We’ve listed some of the influences on the technology sector below.

Enhanced automation

AI algorithms, especially those based on machine learning, can generate code snippets and even entire programs based on requirements. This reduces the time programmers and developers spend on routine coding tasks, and this increases productivity. Many AI tools, like Kite and DeepCode, can find bugs, correct them automatically, and refine existing code to improve its readability. This automation helps developers devote more time and energy to the intricate parts of software development.

Evaluation and guarantee of quality

AI has boosted the procedures for testing and quality assurance. AI-powered testing tools can automatically develop test cases, analyze code for vulnerabilities, and report their findings. They use machine learning techniques to learn from previous test results and anticipate code regions prone to problems. This helps developers find and fix problems at early stages, which ultimately results in better software.

Automated language analysis

Natural language processing (NLP), a branch of artificial intelligence, has greatly advanced language processing and understanding. Chatbots, virtual assistants and voice-activated interfaces are a few examples of how NLP technologies have had an impact on software development. These applications enhance user experiences and pave the way for new software development paths to help users engage with software systems in human language.

Using data to inform decisions

With machine learning and other AI techniques, software engineers can base their conclusions on data. This is especially useful in work environments that prioritize transparency, as AI provides data to back up conclusions. Machine learning combs through masses of data in search of patterns and makes educated guesses based on these patterns. It’s useful for developers that need to make better security predictions, optimize their performance and forecast user behavior.

While AI automates and improves software development, it can’t supplant human software engineers with the necessary expertise. Designing reliable systems, guaranteeing ethical considerations and seeing the bigger picture of software development initiatives requires human skills.

Closing the gap

To close the skill gap in their field, software developers must acquire new knowledge and abilities. An Indeed survey shows that data scientists, software engineers and machine learning engineers are the top three artificial intelligence (AI) positions right now. These job roles, alongside other AI-related roles, have seen growing demand in the last three years.

Software engineers must have many skills to excel in artificial intelligence projects. These skills include sophisticated knowledge of mathematics, algebra, statistics, big data, data science, machine learning, cognitive computing, text analytics, NLP, R, Spark, and Hadoop. There are other crucial areas listed below in which software developers need skills too.

  • Neural networks and deep learning
  • Ethical and responsible use of AI
  • Domain knowledge and problem-solving
  • Technical debt management

Gaining these abilities will put developers in a better position to harness AI’s potential and make meaningful contributions to creating AI-driven solutions in various sectors.

The need for software engineers in the future


Sophisticated problem-solving, algorithm design and software system development are all part of software engineering. Most complex software solutions still need human experience and, while AI may automate certain monotonous jobs, software developers must use their experience to optimize their procedures.

Continuous Innovation

In software engineering, human creativity excels in tasks like designing unique user interfaces and crafting novel user experiences. Developers are driven by intuition and the ability to envision new concepts. AI, on the other hand, is adept at analyzing data, identifying patterns and automating tasks based on past information. While this is great, AI lacks innate creativity and human intuition, making it less capable in areas that require original thinking. Although AI optimizes and improves efficiency, human creativity is essential for groundbreaking and inventive work in software development.


Software developers are morally obligated to ensure their products are free of bias, protect user privacy, and follow all applicable laws and regulations. This is because AI systems can unintentionally reinforce biases or behave in ways that are at odds with human principles and human discretion. Making sure that ethical practices are followed throughout software development is a critical responsibility of software developers.


Software engineers have excellent situational awareness and can quickly adjust to new needs. To build context-aware software solutions, they collaborate closely with stakeholders to collect requirements, learn about business needs, and identify opportunities. Software engineers with human intelligence can comprehend complicated situations, make decisions and modify software systems appropriately, and AI can help them with data analysis and pattern identification.


Software engineers frequently work with clients, end-users and cross-functional teams. They must be able to communicate, work together with other professionals, and understand what every stakeholder needs in order to design software. Software engineers bring interpersonal skills, experiences and subject knowledge to the table.


Software development is evolving with the introduction of AI, and software developers must learn new things to keep up with the competition. Professionals who can effectively transition to this next age will be ready for many job prospects.